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Wait For It...The Mongols!: Crash Course World History #17
 
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Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! Visit http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set to buy a set for your home or classroom. You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content. Mongols T-Shirt: http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-mongols-shirt In which John Green teaches you, at long last, about the most exceptional bunch of empire-building nomads in the history of the world, the Mongols! How did the Mongols go from being a relatively small band of herders who occasionally engaged in some light hunting-gathering to being one of the most formidable fighting forces in the world? It turns out Genghis Khan was a pretty big part of it, but you probably already knew that. The more interesting questions might be, what kind of rulers were they, and what effect did their empire have on the world we know today? Find out, as John FINALLY teaches you about the Mongols. Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 5764572 CrashCourse
Existentialism: Crash Course Philosophy #16
 
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Now that we’ve left behind the philosophy of religion, it’s time to start exploring what other ways might exist to find meaning in the world. Today we explore essentialism and its response: existentialism. We’ll also learn about Jean-Paul Sartre and his ideas about how to find meaning in a meaningless world. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug from DFTBA: http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-philosophy-mug The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Taylor Swift drawing by Joezart: http://joezart.deviantart.com/art/Taylor-Swift-569846131 Graduate and proud parents by Christopher Brown: https://www.flickr.com/photos/xopherbrown/5621125839 All other images and video either public domain or via VideoBlocks, Unsplash, or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons BY 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 3078485 CrashCourse
Mitosis: Splitting Up is Complicated - Crash Course Biology #12
 
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Hank describes mitosis and cytokinesis - the series of processes our cells go through to divide into two identical copies. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Like CrashCourse on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow CrashCourse on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/thecrashcourse References for this video can be found in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-2rVV Table of Contents 1. Mitosis 0:24 2. Interphase 3:27 a) Chromatin 3:37 b) Centrosomes 3:52 3) Prophase 4:14 a) Chromosomes 4:18 b) Chromatid 4:31 c) Microtubules 5:07 4) Metaphase 5:22 a) Motor Proteins 5:36 5) Biolography 6:13 6) Anaphase 9:00 7) Telophase 9:15 8) Cleavage 9:25 9) Cytokinesis 9:36 This video contains the following sounds from Freesound.org: "Swishes.wav" by Pogotron "Opening Scotch Whisky.mp3" by Percy Duke crashcourse, biology, mitosis, cell biology, cell division, cell, replication, splitting, chromosome, diploid cells, nucleus, DNA, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, interphase, chromatin, chromatid, centrosome duplication, centromere, microtubules, motor protein, walter flemming, tomomi kiyomitsu, dynein, cleavage, cytokinesis, daughter cells, science, education, college, university, learn, teach, hank green Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 4468642 CrashCourse
Muscles, part 1 - Muscle Cells: Crash Course A&P #21
 
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We're kicking off our exploration of muscles with a look at the complex and important relationship between actin and myosin. Your smooth, cardiac, and skeletal muscles create movement by contracting and releasing in a process called the sliding filament model. Your skeletal muscles are constructed like a rope made of bundles of protein fibers, and that the smallest strands are your actin and myosin myofilaments. Its their use of calcium and ATP that causes the binding and unbinding that makes sarcomeres contract and relax. Table of Contents Smooth, Cardiac, and Skeletal Muscles Create Movement 1:18 Sliding Filament Model 4:52 Skeletal Muscles Are Made of Bundles of Protein Fibers 2:40 Actin and Myosin Myofilaments 3:54 Calcium and ATP Cause the Binding and Unbinding 5:05 *** Crash Course is now on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Jan Schmid, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Sandra Aft, Brad Wardell, Christian Ludvigsen, Robert Kunz, Jason, A Saslow, Jacob Ash, Jeffrey Thompson, Jessica Simmons, James Craver, Simun Niclasen, SR Foxley, Roger C. Rocha, Nevin, Spoljaric, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jessica Wode ***SUBBABLE MESSAGES*** TO: SEM students FROM: Mrs. S You are confident and courageous! I believe in you! DFTBA! -- TO: Zachary FROM: She who gave you life! You, like the Mongols, will always be the exception. ***SUPPORTER THANK YOU!*** Thank you so much to all of our awesome supporters for their contributions to help make Crash Course possible and freely available for everyone forever: David Rybka, Beth Larter, Damian Shaw, Randy Goldberg MD, Cynthia Krohn, Allison DeVoe, Brinae Lois Gaudet, Sara Bovi, Stephen DeCubellis, Travis Bell -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 2985713 CrashCourse
The Nucleus: Crash Course Chemistry #1
 
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Hank does his best to convince us that chemistry is not torture, but is instead the amazing and beautiful science of stuff. Chemistry can tell us how three tiny particles - the proton, neutron and electron - come together in trillions of combinations to form ... everything. In this inaugural episode of Crash Course Chemistry, we start out with one of the biggest ideas in chemistry ever - stuff is made from atoms. More specifically, we learn about the properties of the nucleus and why they are important to defining what an atom actually is. Like CrashCourse? http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Follow CrashCourse! http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumbl CrashCourse. http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Table of Contents Einstein & Atoms 02:05 Composition of Atoms 03:18 Atomic Number 04:20 Isotopes 08:04 Relative Atomic Mass 07:26 Mass Number 07:44 Watch the SciShow episodes on the Strong Nuclear Force here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yv3EMq2Dgq8 and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNDOSMqGLlg Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 4873601 CrashCourse
Like Pale Gold - The Great Gatsby Part I: Crash Course English Literature #4
 
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In which John Green explores F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel of the Jazz Age, The Great Gatsby. John introduces you to Nick Carraway, Jay Gatsby, Daisy and Tom Buchanan, and the other characters in the novel, and tries to look beyond the surface story to figure out what this thing is ABOUT. Set in the 1920's against a conflicted backdrop of prohibition and excess, The Great Gatsby takes a close look at the American Dream as it existed in Fitzgerald's time. It turns out, it had a lot to do with money and status, and it still does today. John will cover the rich symbolism of the novel, from the distant green light to the pale gold of wealth and decay. Also, Paris Hilton drops by. Turn on the captions. You'll like it. Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @crashcoursestan @raoulmeyer @thoughtbubbler @saysdanica Like us! http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2300855 CrashCourse
The Heart, part 1 - Under Pressure: Crash Course A&P #25
 
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Your heart gets a lot of attention from poets, songwriters, and storytellers, but today Hank's gonna tell you how it really works. The heart’s ventricles, atria, and valves create a pump that maintains both high and low pressure to circulate blood from the heart to the body through your arteries, and bring it back to the heart through your veins. You'll also learn what your blood pressure measurements mean when we talk about systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Table of Contents Heart's Ventricles, Atria and Valves Create a Pump 3:25 Maintains Both High and Low Pressure 3:25 Blood Circulates From the Heart to the Body Through Your Arteries 4:47 Blood Circulates From the Body to the Heart Through Your Veins 4:49 Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure 7:58 Crash Course Psychology posters available now at DFTBA.com! http://www.dftba.com/crashcourse *** Crash Course is now on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Jan Schmid, Anna-Ester Volozh, Robert Kunz, Jason A Saslow, Christian Ludvigsen, Chris Peters, Brad Wardell, Beatrice Jin, Roger C. Rocha, Eric Knight, Jessica Simmons, Jeffrey Thompson, Elliot Beter, Today I Found Out, James Craver, Ian Dundore, Jessica Wode, SR Foxley, Sandra Aft, Jacob Ash, Steve Marshall ***SUBBABLE MESSAGES*** TO: My Student FROM: Earle Check out www.youtube.com/amorsciendi for supplementary content. -- TO: Everyone FROM: Magnus Krokstad Keep dreaming! ***SUPPORTER THANK YOU!*** Thank you so much to all of our awesome supporters for their contributions to help make Crash Course possible and freely available for everyone forever: Damian Shaw, Taylor Garget, Emily Barker, Librarifan, Damian Shaw, Courtney Spurgeon, juliagraph, Katherine Allen, Stephen DeCubellis, Vanessa Benavent -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 2780657 CrashCourse
Kant & Categorical Imperatives: Crash Course Philosophy #35
 
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Our next stop on our tour of ethics is Kant’s ethics. Today Hank explains hypothetical and categorical imperatives, the universalizability principle, autonomy, and what it means to treat people as ends-in-themselves, rather than as mere means. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- All other images and video either public domain or via VideoBlocks, or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons BY 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1169739 CrashCourse
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
 
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Our next stop in our tour of the ethical lay of the land is utilitarianism. With a little help from Batman, Hank explains the principle of utility, and the difference between act and rule utilitarianism. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1664561 CrashCourse
To Sleep, Perchance to Dream - Crash Course Psychology #9
 
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Want more videos about psychology every Monday and Thursday? Check out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https://www.youtube.com/scishowpsych! Why do we sleep? Well... that's a tricky question. More easily answered is the question,"How do we sleep?" In this episode of Crash Course Psychology, Hank discusses some of the ways our brain functions when sleeping and how it can malfunction as well. -- Table of Contents Four Stages of Sleep 02:38 Why We Dream 04:28 Information Processing 08:13 Physiological Function 08:31 Cognitive Development 08:52 Neural Activity Models 09:04 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 1963456 CrashCourse
Haitian Revolutions: Crash Course World History #30
 
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Ideas like liberty, freedom, and self-determination were hot stuff in the late 18th century, as evidenced by our recent revolutionary videos. Although freedom was breaking out all over, many of the societies that were touting these ideas relied on slave labor. Few places in the world relied so heavily on slave labor as Saint-Domingue, France's most profitable colony. Slaves made up nearly 90% of Saint-Domingue's population, and in 1789 they couldn't help but hear about the revolution underway in France. All the talk of liberty, equality, and fraternity sounds pretty good to a person in bondage, and so the slaves rebelled. This led to not one but two revolutions, and ended up with France, the rebels, Britain, and Spain all fighting in the territory. Spoiler alert: the slaves won. So how did the slaves of what would become Haiti throw off the yoke of one of the world's great empires? John Green tells how they did it, and what it has meant in Haiti and in the rest of the world. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2267801 CrashCourse
The Seven Years War and the Great Awakening: Crash Course US History #5
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the beginnings of the American Revolution in a video titled The Seven Years War. Confusing? Maybe. John argues that the Seven Years War, which is often called the French and Indian War in the US, laid a lot of the groundwork for the Revolution. More confusing? Why does this war have two names? Why were the French and Indians fighting each other? The Seven Years war was actually a global war that went on for nine years. I think I'm having trouble making this clear. Anyway, the part of this global war that happened in North America was the French and Indian War. The French and Indian tribes were the force opposing the British, so that's the name that stuck. Let's get away from this war, as it makes my head hurt. Other stuff was going on in the colonies in the 18th century that primed the people for revolution. One was the Great Awakening. Religious revival was sweeping the country, introducing new ideas about religion and how it should be practiced. At the same time thinkers like John Locke were rethinking the relationship between rulers and the ruled. So in this highly charged atmosphere, you can just imagine what would happen if the crown started trying to exert more control over the colonies. The colonists would probably just rise up, right? We'll see what happens next week. Read the Mystery Document in its entirety in the Minutes of the Provincial Province of Pennsylvania Vol. IX: http://dft.ba/-PennProvinceMinutes Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. Learn about how the European struggle for dominance throughout the French and Indian War impacted natives in North America: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/french-and-indian-war Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @crashcoursestan @raoulmeyer @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Look at this! thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2965947 CrashCourse
The Nervous System, Part 2 - Action! Potential!: Crash Course A&P #9
 
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•••SUBBABLE MESSAGE••• TO: Carla FROM: Christopher Next stop is whenever. Just be like, "stop." *** You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.subbable.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Also, if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing great content. *** What do you and a sack of batteries have in common? Today, Hank explains. -- Table of Contents: Ion Channels Regulate Electrochemistry to Create Action Potential 4:51 Resting State 3:22 Depolarization 6:09 Repolarization 7:35 Hyperpolarization 8:00 -- CRASH COURSE KIDS! http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 3227531 CrashCourse
Karl Popper, Science, and Pseudoscience: Crash Course Philosophy #8
 
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The early 1900s was an amazing time for Western science, as Albert Einstein was developing his theories of relativity and psychology was born, as Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis took over the scientific mainstream. Karl Popper observed these developments firsthand and came to draw a distinction between what he referred to as science and pseudoscience, which might best be summarized as science disconfirms, while pseudoscience confirms. While the way we describe these disciplines has changed in the intervening years, Popper’s ideas speak to the heart of how we arrive at knowledge. -- PBS Digital Studios wants to get to know you better! If you have 10 minutes to spare by filling out a survey you'll be doing us a huge favor AND have a chance to win an awesome PBS Digital Studios shirt! https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/pbsds2016 -- Wanted: Santa Clause by Kevin Dooley https://www.flickr.com/photos/pagedooley/3124443099, licensed under CC BY 2.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer copyright Rankin/Bass Productions & DreamWorks Classics Other images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1210003 CrashCourse
Immune System, part 1: Crash Course A&P #45
 
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Our final episodes of Anatomy & Physiology explore the way your body keeps all that complex, intricate stuff alive and healthy -- your immune system. The immune system’s responses begin with physical barriers like skin and mucous membranes, and when they’re not enough, there are phagocytes -- the neutrophils and macrophages. It also features the awesomely named natural killer cells and the inflammatory response, and we'll explain how all of these elements work together to save the day if you happen to slip on a banana peel. Crash Course A&P poster: http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-anatomy-and-physiology-poster Table of Contents Physical Barriers Like Skin and Mucous Membranes 2:01 Phagocytes: Neutrophils and Macrophages 3:17 Natural Killer Cells 4:29 Inflammatory Response 5:29 *** "Reformat" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 2628674 CrashCourse
ATP & Respiration: Crash Course Biology #7
 
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In which Hank does some push ups for science and describes the "economy" of cellular respiration and the various processes whereby our bodies create energy in the form of ATP. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Like CrashCourse on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Follow CrashCourse on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Special thanks go to Stafford Fitness (www.staffordfitness.net) for allowing us to shoot the gym scenes in their facilities. This video uses sounds from Freesound.org, a list of which can be found, along with the CITATIONS for this episode, in the Google Document here: http://dft.ba/-25Ad Table of Contents: 1) Cellular Respiration 01:00 2) Adenosine Triphosphate 01:29 3) Glycolysis 4:13 A) Pyruvate Molecules 5:00 B) Anaerobic Respiration/Fermentation 5:33 C) Aerobic Respiration 6:45 4) Krebs Cycle 7:06 A) Acetyl COA 7:38 B) Oxaloacetic Acid 8:21 C) Biolography: Hans Krebs 8:37 D) NAD/FAD 9:48 5) Electron Transport Chain 10:55 6) Check the Math 12:33 TAGS: crashcourse, biology, science, chemistry, energy, atp, adenosine triphosphate, cellular respiration, glucose, adp, hydrolysis, glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport chain, fermentation, lactic acid, enzyme, hans krebs, citric acid, ATP synthase Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 6443695 CrashCourse
The Nervous System, Part 1: Crash Course A&P #8
 
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•••SUBBABLE MESSAGE••• TO: Kerry FROM: Cale I love you with all my ha-art. Deadset. *** You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.subbable.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Also, if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing great content. *** Today Hank kicks off our look around MISSION CONTROL: your nervous system. -- Table of Contents: Sensory Input, Integration and Motor Output 1:36 Organization of Central and Peripheral Systems 2:16 Glial Cells 3:54 Role, Anatomy and Function of Neuron Types 5:23 Structure and Function of Neurons 6:20 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 3867980 CrashCourse
Meiosis: Where the Sex Starts - Crash Course Biology #13
 
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Hank gets down to the nitty gritty about meiosis, the special type of cell division that is necessary for sexual reproduction in eukaryotic organisms. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Like CrashCourse on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow CrashCourse on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/thecrashcourse References for this episode can be found in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-2wDm Table of Contents 1) Homologous Chromosome Pairs 2:10 2) Primary Oocytes 3:30 3) Primary Spermatocytes 3:30 4) Meiosis 2:59 5) Interphase I 4:04 6) Prophase I 4:37 a) Crossover 5:05 b) Recombination 5:05 7) Metaphase I 7:53 8) Anaphase I 8:05 9) Telophase I 8:19 10) Prophase II 8:57 11) Metaphase II 9:23 12) Anaphase II 9:28 13) Telophase II 9:32 Want to see Hank play Assassin's Creed? Check out http://www.youtube.com/hankgames Watch the AC: Brotherhood playlist here: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL0B3CD662A033D273 Watch the AC: Revelations playlist here: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC5C810D94ADB2080 reproduction, sexual reproduction, sex cell, sperm, egg, meiosis, crashcourse, crash course, biology, cell replication, chromosome, gene, allele, homologous chromosome, haploid cells, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, oocyte, spermatocyte, centrosome, microtubule, crossover, homologous recombination, natural selection, cytokinesis, polar body, endosperm Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 3473687 CrashCourse
Anselm and the Argument for God: Crash Course Philosophy #9
 
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Today we are introducing a new area of philosophy – philosophy of religion. We are starting this unit off with Anselm’s argument for God’s existence, while also considering objections to that argument. -- “That’s a Neigh” David Goehring https://www.flickr.com/photos/carbonnyc/8757020626 All other images via Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1538858 CrashCourse
DNA Structure and Replication: Crash Course Biology #10
 
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Hank introduces us to that wondrous molecule deoxyribonucleic acid - also known as DNA - and explains how it replicates itself in our cells. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Like CrashCourse on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Follow CrashCourse on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse References for this episode can be found in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-2hCl 1:41 link to Biological Molecules http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8WJ2KENlK0 Table of Contents: 1) Nucleic Acids 1:30 2) DNA -A) Polymers 1:53 -B) Three Ingredients 2:12 -C) Base Pairs 3:45 -D) Base Sequences 4:13 3) Pop Quiz 5:07 4) RNA 5:36 -A) Three Differences from DNA 5:43 5) Biolography 6:16 6) Replication 8:49 -A) Helicase and Unzipping 9:22 -B) Leading Strand 9:38 -C) DNA Polymerase 10:08 -D) RNA Primase 10:24 -E) Lagging Strand 10:46 -F) Okazaki Fragments 11:07 -F) DNA Ligase 11:47 DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, chromosome, nucleic acid, ribonucleic acid, RNA, polymer, nucleotide, double helix, nucleotide base, base pair, base sequence, friedrich miescher, rosalind franklin, replication, helicase, leading strand, lagging strand, rna primase, dna polymerase, okazaki fragment Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 5987784 CrashCourse
Buddha and Ashoka: Crash Course World History #6
 
12:17
In which John relates a condensed history of India, post-Indus Valley Civilization. John explores Hinduism and the origins of Buddhism. He also gets into the reign of Ashoka, the Buddhist emperor who, in spite of Buddhism's structural disapproval of violence, managed to win a bunch of battles. Resources: Awesome comic book about Ashoka by Anant Pai: http://dft.ba/-ashoka He did a huge series of comics about Indian history and religion: http://dft.ba/-AnantPai India: A History by John Keay: http://dft.ba/-IndiaHistory The Bhagavad Gita: http://dft.ba/-gita The Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads, and Rig Veda, all-in-one edition: http://dft.ba/-India Credits: Executive Producer: John Green Producer: Stan Muller Writer and historian: Raoul Meyer Script Supervisor: Danica Johnson Music: Jason Weidner Thought Bubble is a product of the Smart Bubble Society: http://dft.ba/-smartbubble the Smart Bubble Society is: Suzanna Brusikiewicz Jonathon Corbiere Nick Counter Allan Levy James Tuer Adam Winnik Set Design: Donna Sink Props: Brian McCutcheon Photos: David Shankbone ClipWorks Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 4654059 CrashCourse
The Agricultural Revolution: Crash Course World History #1
 
11:11
Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! Visit http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set to buy a set for your home or classroom. You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content. In which John Green investigates the dawn of human civilization. John looks into how people gave up hunting and gathering to become agriculturalists, and how that change has influenced the world we live in today. Also, there are some jokes about cheeseburgers. Additional reading: NIsa by Marjorie Shostak: https://goo.gl/hAPr5H First Farmers by Peter Bellwood: https://goo.gl/JqgHLW Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 10564530 CrashCourse
The Chemical Mind - Crash Course Psychology #3
 
10:14
Want more videos about psychology every Monday and Thursday? Check out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https://www.youtube.com/scishowpsych! BAHHHHHH! Did I scare you? What exactly happens when we get scared? How does our brain make our body react? Just what are Neurotransmitters? In this episode of Crash Course Psychology, Hank takes us to the simplest part of the complex system of our brains and nervous systems; The Neuron. -- -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 2924941 CrashCourse
Aristotle & Virtue Theory: Crash Course Philosophy #38
 
09:22
This week we explore final ethical theory in this unit: Aristotle’s virtue theory. Hank explains the Golden Mean, and how it exists as the midpoint between vices of excess and deficiency. We’ll also discuss moral exemplars, and introduce the concept of “eudaimonia.” Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1050086 CrashCourse
The French Revolution: Crash Course World History #29
 
11:54
In which John Green examines the French Revolution, and gets into how and why it differed from the American Revolution. Was it the serial authoritarian regimes? The guillotine? The Reign of Terror? All of this and more contributed to the French Revolution not being quite as revolutionary as it could have been. France endured multiple constitutions, the heads of heads of state literally rolled, and then they ended up with a megalomaniacal little emperor by the name of Napoleon. But how did all of this change the world, and how did it lead to other, more successful revolutions around the world? Watch this video and find out. Spoiler alert: Marie Antoinette never said, "Let them eat cake." Sorry. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Crash Course goods are available now: http://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse Thermidor (which is this month) is Revolutions month on Crash Course! The American Revolution: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HlUiSBXQHCw Coming soon: #30 - Haitian Revolution #31 - Latin American Revolutions #32 - Industrial Revolution Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 6230661 CrashCourse
Heredity: Crash Course Biology #9
 
10:18
Hank and his brother John discuss heredity via the gross example of relative ear wax moistness. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Like CrashCourse on Facebook! http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Follow CrashCourse on Twitter! http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse This video uses sounds from Freesound.org, a list of which can be found, along with the REFERENCES for this episode, in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-2dlR tags: crashcourse, science, biology, evolution, genetics, heredity, aristotle, bloodlines, gregor mendel, mendelian genetics, mendelian trait, classical genetics, chromosome, gene, polygenic, pleiotropic, allele, ear wax gene, somatic, diploid, gametes, sperm, egg, haploid, polyploid, dominance, dominant, recessive, heterozygous, homozygous, phenotype, punnett square, reginald c. punnett, sex-linked inheritance, autosome Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 2942006 CrashCourse
Vision: Crash Course A&P #18
 
09:39
Next stop in our tour of your sensory systems? VISION. With a little help from an optical illusion, we take a look inside your eyes to try to figure out how your sense of vision works -- and how it can be tricked. *** Table of Contents The Structure of the Eye 2:31 The Fibrous, Vascular, and Inner Layers 3:33.2 The Retina 4:56 Photoreceptors, Bipolar Cells, and Ganglion Neurons 5:09.2 Rods and Cones 6:07.5 *** Crash Course is now on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Jan Schmid, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Sandra Aft, Brad Wardell, Christian Ludvigsen, Robert Kunz, Jason, A Saslow, Jacob Ash, Jeffrey Thompson, Jessica Simmons, James Craver, Simun Niclasen, SR Foxley, Roger C. Rocha, Nevin, Spoljaric, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jessica Wode ***SUBBABLE MESSAGES*** TO: THE WORLD FROM: Future Is The Future Awesome gender neutral vintage clothing: http://futureisthefuture.com -- TO: Beth FROM: Joey I Love You Beth Ronie With All Of My Heart! ***SUPPORTER THANK YOU!*** Thank you so much to all of our awesome supporters for their contributions to help make Crash Course possible and freely available for everyone forever: Sofie Harning Sour Bags & Totes Don Phillips Christian Dodson Christian Dodson (once again) Christian Dodson (again) Christian Dodson (NO EDGE) Sour Bags & Totes tuseroni Amy Guerrero -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1575058 CrashCourse
Congressional Committees: Crash Course Government and Politics #7
 
08:28
This week Craig Benzine clears up the role of committees in Congress. We’ll talk about standing committees, joint committees, conference committees, and caucuses (and not the candidate-choosing kinds) as well as the staff agencies that help advise these committees and congresspeople. As most bills never even make it to the house and senate floors for a vote, the role of committees, and their respective chairpersons as gatekeeper is pretty important. There’s a lot to demystify here as the legislative process can seem pretty arcane at times, but the model, at least in theory, helps Congress run more efficiently. Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Support is provided by Voqal: http://www.voqal.org Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Instagram - http://instagram.com/thecrashcourse
Views: 709268 CrashCourse
The Integumentary System, Part 1 - Skin Deep: Crash Course A&P #6
 
09:40
•••SUBBABLE MESSAGE••• TO: Ciaran FROM: your sister Jillian Happy birthday! Hope you enjoy being immortalized via doobly-doo! *** You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.subbable.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Also, if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing great content. *** Anatomy & Physiology continues with a look at your biggest organ - your skin. -- Table of Contents: All About Skin 0:22 Epidermis, Dermis, & Hypodermis 1:30 Melanin And Keratin Cells 2:15 Ensure You Get A Good Tattoo 8:01 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 1810775 CrashCourse
The Atlantic Slave Trade: Crash Course World History #24
 
11:08
In which John Green teaches you about one of the least funny subjects in history: slavery. John investigates when and where slavery originated, how it changed over the centuries, and how Europeans and colonists in the Americas arrived at the idea that people could own other people based on skin color. Slavery has existed as long as humans have had civilization, but the Atlantic Slave Trade was the height, or depth, of dehumanizing, brutal, chattel slavery. American slavery ended less than 150 years ago. In some parts of the world, it is still going on. So how do we reconcile that with modern life? In a desperate attempt at comic relief, Boba Fett makes an appearance. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Resources: Inhuman Bondage by David Brion Davis: http://dft.ba/-inhumanbondage Up From Slavery by Booker T Washington: http://dft.ba/-upfromslavery Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3146605 CrashCourse
DNA, Hot Pockets, & The Longest Word Ever: Crash Course Biology #11
 
14:08
Hank imagines himself breaking into the Hot Pockets factory to steal their secret recipes and instruction manuals in order to help us understand how the processes known as DNA transcription and translation allow our cells to build proteins. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Like CrashCourse on Facebook! http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Follow CrashCourse on Twitter! http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Table of Contents: 1) Transcription 2:12 A) Transcription Unit 3:00 B) Promoter 3:10 C) TATA Box 3:32 D) RNA Polymerase 4:12 E) mRNA 4:15 F) Termination signal 5:21 G) 5' Cap & Poly-A Tail 5:34 2) RNA Splicing 6:08 A) SNuRPs & Spliceosome 6:26 B) Exons & Introns 6:56 3) Translation 7:28 A) mRNA & tRNA 8:01 B) Triplet Codons & Anticodons 8:39 4) Folding & Protein Structure 10:51 A) Primary Structure 11:11 B) Secondary Structure 11:23 C) Tertiary Structure 11:58 D) Quaternary Structure 12:44 Links to episodes referenced in the video: DNA structure episode: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kK2zwjRV0M Animal cells episode: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cj8dDTHGJBY Fold-it SciShow episode: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JdBcpdH_ptA REFERENCES for this video can be found in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-2mxX This video contains the following sounds from Freesound.org: "IMPresora.wav" by melack "swishes.wav" by pogotron tags: crashcourse, science, biology, DNA, titin, hot pocket, transcription, translation, gene, RNA, enzyme, transcription unit, adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine, TATA box, DNA strand, mRNA, messenger RNA, RNA polymerase, uracil, termination signal, RNA splicing, SNuRPs, spliceosome, exons, introns, ribosome, tRNA, transfer RNA, amino acid, nitrogenous base, codon, anticodon, polypeptide chain, folding, helix, pleated sheets, protein biosynthesis, gene expression Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 3627657 CrashCourse
Contractarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #37
 
09:32
Today we explore the penultimate ethical theory in this unit: contractarianism. Hank explains Hobbes’ state of nature, and implicit and explicit contracts, as well as the Prisoner’s Dilemma, and the benefits, and costs, of violating contracts. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 713850 CrashCourse
The Growth of Knowledge: Crash Course Psychology #18
 
09:50
Want more videos about psychology every Monday and Thursday? Check out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https://www.youtube.com/scishowpsych! How does our knowledge grow? It turns out there are some different ideas about that. Schemas, Four-Stage Theory of Cognitive Development, and Vygotsky's Theory of Scaffolding all play different roles but the basic idea is that children think about things very differently than adults. Hank explains in today's episode of Crash Course Psychology. -- Table of Contents Schemas, Assimilation & Accommodation 2:39:12 Piaget's Four-Stage Cognitive Development 1:47:02 Sensortimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, and Formal Operational Periods 3:48:22 Vygotsky's Theory of Scaffolding 7:45:05 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 1446309 CrashCourse
Don't Reanimate Corpses! Frankenstein Part 1: Crash Course Literature 205
 
12:57
In which John Green teaches you about Mary Shelley's novel, Frankenstein. Sure, you know Frankenstein the cultural phenomenon, but how much do you know about the novel that started it all? You'll learn about the Romantic movement in English lit, of which Frankenstein is a GREAT example, and you'll learn that Frankenstein might just be the first SciFi novel. Once again, literature comes down to just what it means to be human. John will review the plot, and take you through a couple of different critical readings of the novel, and will discuss the final disposition of Percy Shelley's heart.
Views: 1228853 CrashCourse
Urinary System, part 1: Crash Course A&P #38
 
10:18
Even though you probably don't choose to spend a lot of time thinking about it, your pee is kind of a big deal. Today we're talking about the anatomy of your urinary system, and how your kidneys filter metabolic waste and balance salt and water concentrations in the blood. We'll cover how nephrons use glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion to reabsorb water and nutrients back into the blood, and make urine with the leftovers. Anatomy of Hank poster: http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-anatomy-and-physiology-poster Table of Contents Kidneys Filter Metabolic Waste & Balance Salt & Water Concentrations in the Blood 1:25 Nephrons 4:13 Glomerular Filtration 4:37 Tublar Reabsorption 5:14 Tubular Secretion 8:17 Urine 8:40 *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Fatima Iqbal, Penelope Flagg, Eugenia Karlson, Alex S, Jirat, Tim Curwick, Christy Huddleston, Eric Kitchen, Moritz Schmidt, Today I Found Out, Avi Yashchin, Chris Peters, Eric Knight, Jacob Ash, Simun Niclasen, Jan Schmid, Elliot Beter, Sandra Aft, SR Foxley, Ian Dundore, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Robert Kunz, Jessica Wode, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Christian, Caleb Weeks, Jeffrey Thompson, James Craver, and Markus Persson -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 2043691 CrashCourse
How to Train a Brain - Crash Course Psychology #11
 
11:49
Want more videos about psychology every Monday and Thursday? Check out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https://www.youtube.com/scishowpsych! I'm sure you've heard of Pavlov's Bell (and I'm not talking about the Aimee Mann song), but what was Ivan Pavlov up to, exactly? And how are our brains trained? And what is a "Skinner Box"? All those questions and more are answered in today's Crash Course Psychology, in which Hank talks about some of the aspects of learning. -- Table of Contents Associative Learning 01:33:17 Behaviorist Theory 04:32:05 Classical and Operant Conditioning 03:47:01 Positive and Negative Reinforcement 07:18:22 Reinforcement Scheduling 09:32:02 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 2305985 CrashCourse
Eukaryopolis - The City of Animal Cells: Crash Course Biology #4
 
11:35
Hank tells us about the city of Eukaryopolis - the animal cell that is responsible for all the cool things that happen in our bodies. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Like SciShow on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Follow SciShow on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow More info. on the structures described in this video linked to in the Google Document here: http://dft.ba/-1TR_ Table of Contents time codes 1) Robert Hooke 1:59 2) Cilia/Flagella 2:52 3) Cell Membrane 3:32 4) Cytoplasm/Cytoskeleton/Centrosomes 3:58 5) Endoplasmic Reticulum 4:41 6) Ribosomes 5:45 7) Golgi Apparatus 6:00 8) Lysosomes 6:47 9) Nucleus 7:06 10) Mitochondria 9:14 TAGS: crashcourse, biology, animal cells, cell membrane, eukaryote, eukaryotic, organelle, organ, tissue, muscle, nerve, animalia, robert hooke, cilia, flagella, microtubules, cytoplasm, ctyoskeleton, centrosome, nucleus, nucleoplasm, nucleolus, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome, amino acid, polypeptide, golgi apparatus, golgi, lysosomes, DNA, chromatin, rRNA, mRNA, mitochondria Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 3426788 CrashCourse
The Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion: Crash Course US History #18
 
14:16
In which John Green teaches you about the election of 1860. As you may remember from last week, things were not great at this time in US history. The tensions between the North and South were rising, ultimately due to the single issue of slavery. The North wanted to abolish slavery, and the South wanted to continue on with it. It seemed like a war was inevitable, and it turns out that it was. But first the nation had to get through this election. You'll learn how the bloodshed in Kansas, and the truly awful Kansas-Nebraska Act led directly to the decrease in popularity of Stephen Douglas, the splitting of the Democratic party, and the unlikely victory of a relatively inexperienced politician from Illinois, Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln's election would lead directly to the secession of several southern states, and thus to the Civil War. John will teach you about all this, plus Dred Scott, Roger Taney, and John Brown. Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. The Lincoln and Douglass debates of the 1850s fueled the argument over state's rights to decide on slavery and culminated when the two ran against one another in the Election of 1860: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-election-of-1860 In response to Lincoln's election, the South seceded from the Union and the Civil War began: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-south-secedes
Views: 1974980 CrashCourse
Speciation: Of Ligers & Men - Crash Course Biology #15
 
10:25
Hank explains speciation - the evolutionary process by which new biological species arise - in terms of finches, ligers, mules, and dogs. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dft.ba/-8css Like CrashCourse on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow CrashCourse on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/thecrashcourse References for this episode can be found in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-2DnD Table of Contents 1) Species 0:30 2) Hybrids 1:52 3) Reproductive Isolation 2:48 a) Post-Zygotic 3:31 b) Pre-Zygotic 3:51 4) Allopatric Speciation 4:23 5) Sympatric Speciation 6:03 6) Biolography 6:32 7) Dogs 8:37 This video contains the following sounds from Freesound.org: "bird tweet.aif" by tigersound "ForestBirds.wav" by HerbertBoland "morning_in_the_forest_2007_04_15.wav" by reinsamba "AMBIENT LOOP - Perfectly Clear - Wilderness Hillside - FILTERED.mp3" by Arctura "oceanwavescrushing.wav" by Luftrum biology, speciation, science, species, evolution, homo sapiens, organism, liger, napoleon dynamite, fertile, sterile, hybrid, hybridization, reproductive isolation, genetic isolation, pre-zygotic isolation, behavior, geographic, allopatric speciation, natural selection, galapagos, finch, artificial selection, corgi, greyhound, puppy, dog Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 1090816 CrashCourse
Introduction: Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics
 
06:47
In which Craig Benzine introduces a brand new Crash Course about U.S. Government and Politics! This course will provide you with an overview of how the government of the United States is supposed to function, and we'll get into how it actually does function. The two aren't always the same thing. We'll be learning about the branches of government, politics, elections, political parties, pizza parties, and much, much more! Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Support is provided by Voqal: http://www.voqal.org Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Instagram - http://instagram.com/thecrashcourse Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 2801628 CrashCourse
Ancient Egypt: Crash Course World History #4
 
11:55
In which John covers the long, long history of ancient Egypt, including the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms, and even a couple of intermediate periods. Learn about mummies, pharaohs, pyramids and the Nile with John Green. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Resources: Mummies!: https://goo.gl/BvAdmj Pyramids!: http://goo.gl/aCov2j Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 5162500 CrashCourse
What is Philosophy?: Crash Course Philosophy #1
 
10:35
Today Hank begins to teach you about Philosophy by discussing the historical origins of philosophy in ancient Greece, and its three main divisions: metaphysics, epistemology, and value theory. He will also introduce logic, and how you’re going to use it to understand and critically evaluate a whole host of different worldviews throughout this course. And also, hopefully, the rest of your life. -- Images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 3538072 CrashCourse
Joints: Crash Course A&P #20
 
09:23
We continue our look at your bones and skeletal system, skipping over the silly kid's song in favor of a more detailed look at your your axial and appendicular skeleton. This episode also talks about the structural and functional classifications of your joints and the major types of body movement that they facilitate. Table of Contents Basic Structure of Your Skeletal System 1:50 Axial and the Appendicular Skeleton 2:02 Structural and Functional Classifications of Joints 3:41 Major Types of Body Movement 6:02 *** Crash Course is now on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Jan Schmid, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Sandra Aft, Brad Wardell, Christian Ludvigsen, Robert Kunz, Jason, A Saslow, Jacob Ash, Jeffrey Thompson, Jessica Simmons, James Craver, Simun Niclasen, SR Foxley, Roger C. Rocha, Nevin, Spoljaric, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jessica Wode ***SUBBABLE MESSAGES*** TO: Everyone FROM: Martin Owens To gild refined gold is just silly -- TO: Dana FROM: Cameron Still holding out! we're gonna make it through. ***SUPPORTER THANK YOU!*** Thank you so much to all of our awesome supporters for their contributions to help make Crash Course possible and freely available for everyone forever: Stephen DeCubellis, Vanessa Benavent, Rob Palmer, Dr. John D. Trombley, BouwsT, Robin Duckworth, Kyle "Defender of Awesome" Willis, Damian Shaw, Elisa DeCastro, Johnny Young!, -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1459159 CrashCourse
Determinism vs Free Will: Crash Course Philosophy #24
 
10:26
Do we really have free will? Today Hank explores possible answers to that question, explaining theories like libertarian free will and it’s counterpoint, hard determinism. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug from DFTBA: http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-philosophy-mug The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Images via ThinkStock Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1326104 CrashCourse
The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2
 
09:05
In which Craig Benzine teaches you about the United States Congress, and why it's bicameral, and what bicameral means. Craig tells you what the Senate and House of Representatives are for, some of the history of the institutions, and reveal to you just how you can become a representative. It's not that easy. But an eagle gets punched, so there's that. Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Support is provided by Voqal: http://www.voqal.org Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Instagram - http://instagram.com/thecrashcourse Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 1667139 CrashCourse
Schizophrenia & Dissociative Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #32
 
11:44
Want more videos about psychology every Monday and Thursday? Check out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https://www.youtube.com/scishowpsych! ••• Subbable Message ••• To: Margarete From: Toni Your sister thinks you are the best! Here's hoping Crash Course does an Art History season just for you. :) ••• *** Did you know that Schizophrenia and Multiple Personality Disorder aren't the same thing? Did you know that we don't call it Multiple Personality Disorder anymore? In this episode of Crash Course Psychology, Hank takes us down the road of some very misunderstood psychological disorders. -- Table of Contents: Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders 01:31:05 Brain Activity 05:03:16 Dissociative Disorders 08:04:23 Sybil Was a Lie! 08:58:14 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 2661599 CrashCourse
Mercury: Crash Course Astronomy #13
 
10:18
Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It has no atmosphere and is, as such, covered in craters. It's also incredibly hot but, surprisingly, has water ice hiding beneath its surface. -- Table of Contents Closest Planet to the Sun 0:03 Rotation Locked to its 2 to 3 Orbit Ratio 3:10 Deep Crater Water Ice 8:39 -- PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Follow Phil on Twitter: https://twitter.com/badastronomer Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse -- PHOTOS/VIDEOS Mercury relief in Olomouc: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mercury_relief_in_Olomouc.jpg [credit: Michal Maňas] Mercury: Phil Plait Mercury in color: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mercury_in_color_c1000_700_430.png [credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington] Earth Based View of Mercury: http://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/multimedia/detail.cfm?id=3726 [credit: Catalina Observatory] Caloris Basin: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/image/1503/PIA19216MessengerCaloris.jpg [credit: NASA, Johns Hopkins Univ. APL, Arizona State U., CIW] MESSENGER photos: http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/gallery/sciencePhotos/pics/EW1010234404_500_web.jpg http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/gallery/sciencePhotos/pics/EN0108830230M.jpg http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/gallery/sciencePhotos/pics/EW0224377798G.nomap.png [credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington] Mercury’s core: http://astrosun2.astro.cornell.edu/~jlm/out/Mercury/mercury_NSF_printsize.jpg [credit: Nicolle Rager Fuller, National Science Foundation] Mercury’s Ice Lockers: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=11184 [credit: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center/Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington] Mercury’s Tail: http://geeked.gsfc.nasa.gov/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Mercury_exosphere_600-full.jpg [credit: NASA]
Views: 825957 CrashCourse
Blood, Part 1 - True Blood: Crash Course A&P #29
 
10:00
Now that we've talked about your blood vessels, we're going to zoom in a little closer and talk about your blood itself. We'll start by outlining the basic components of blood -- including erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, and plasma -- as well as the basic process of hemostasis that stops bleeding, and how antigens are responsible for the blood type that you have. By the end of this episode, you should be totally prepared for your next blood drive. Table of Contents The Basic Components of Blood 2:30 Erythrocytes, Leukocytes, Platelets, and Plasma 3:00 The Basic Process of Hemostasis 4:45 How Antigens Are Responsible For Your Blood Type 6:21 *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Jan Schmid, Simun Niclasen, Robert Kunz, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Eric Kitchen, Christian, Beatrice Jin, Anna-Ester Volozh, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jeffrey Thompson, Ian Dundore, Stephen Lawless, Today I Found Out, James Craver, Jessica Wode, Sandra Aft, Jacob Ash, SR Foxley, Christy Huddleston, Steve Marshall, Chris Peters -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1511083 CrashCourse
The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10
 
12:26
In which John Green explores exactly when Rome went from being the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Here's a hint: it had something to do with Julius Caesar, but maybe less than you think. Find out how Caesar came to rule the empire, what led to him getting stabbed 23 times on the floor of the senate, and what happened in the scramble for power after his assassination. John covers Rome's transition from city-state to dominant force in the Mediterranean in less than 12 minutes. Well, Rome's expansion took hundreds of years, he just explains it in under 12 minutes. The senate, the people, Rome, the caesarian section, the Julian calendar and our old friend Pompey all make appearances, but NOT the Caesar Salad, as Julius had nothing to do with it. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 5263212 CrashCourse
Deep Time: Crash Course Astronomy #45
 
15:15
As we approach the end of Crash Course Astronomy, it’s time now to acknowledge that our Universe’s days are numbered. Stars will die out after a few trillion years, protons will decay and matter will dissolve after a thousand trillion trillion trillion years, black holes will evaporate after 10^92 years, and then all will be dark. But there is still hope that a new Universe will be born from it. Crash Course Astronomy Poster: http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-astronomy-poster -- Hawking Radiation Mechanism resources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawking_radiation http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/Relativity/BlackHoles/hawking.html http://casa.colorado.edu/~ajsh/hawk.html http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/154647/how-does-the-hawking-radiation-mechanism-cause-a-black-hole-to-lose-its-mass -- Table of Contents The Universe’s Days Are Numbered 0:32 Stars Eventually Die Out 3:02 Protons Eventually Decay 5:04 Bye-Bye Black Holes After 10^92 Years 7:49 With Death Comes Life 12:04 -- PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Follow Phil on Twitter: https://twitter.com/badastronomer Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse -- PHOTOS/VIDEOS Hubble ACS SWEEPS Field http://hubblesite.org/gallery/album/star/star_field/pr2011016b/ [credit: NASA, ESA, W. Clarkson (Indiana University and UCLA), and K. Sahu (STScI)] Flare http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/dg_cvn_flare_final_4k_0.jpg [credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/S. Wiessinger] Hubble Views Stellar Genesis in the Southern Pinwheel http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2014/04/image/a/ [credit: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)] White Dwarf http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_468.html [credit: NASA, ESA, H. Bond (STScI) and M. Barstow (University of Leicester)] Neutron Star Illustrated https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Neutron_star_illustrated.jpg [credit: NASA, Casey Reed - Penn State University] Black Holes: Monsters in Space http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/nustar/multimedia/pia16695.html [credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech] Binary Neutron Star Video https://nasaviz.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a030000/a030500/a030569/slide_04-B3_CWDB_inspiral.mp4 [credit: NASA] Giant Elliptical Galaxy NGC 1316 in Fornax Cluster https://www.eso.org/public/images/eso0024a/ [credit: ESO] Proton Aurora http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=20099 [credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab] A Race Round a Black Hole http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/universe/blackhole_race.html [credit: NASA/Dana Berry, SkyWorks Digital] The Big Bang http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=10128 [credit: NASA] Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2014 http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2014/27/image/a/ [credit: NASA, ESA, H. Teplitz and M. Rafelski (IPAC/Caltech), A. Koekemoer (STScI), R. Windhorst (Arizona State University), and Z. Levay (STScI)] Galaxy http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap150614.html [credit: Subaru Telescope (NAOJ), Hubble Space Telescope, Robert Gendler] One star, many stars (M13) http://www.deepskycolors.com/archive/2011/05/04/one-star-many-stars-M13.html [credit: Rogelio Bernal Andreo] Earth https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/earth-from-space-15-amazing-things-in-15-years [credit: NASA's Earth Observatory] Explosion video [credit: Shutterstock / Richard Finch]
Views: 1326205 CrashCourse